According to a recent report by the World Health Organization (WHO), the world could not cope with a new generalized pandemic. As this risk increases, the poorest countries will become the most vulnerable to disaster.
The risk of a global pandemic
The last major pandemic in history is none other than the 1918 Spanish flu that caused as many as 50 million deaths. In 2018, one study estimated that the next global pandemic could be colds and other mild respiratory diseases. Other research has determined that a new pandemic similar to the Spanish flu could this time cause about 145 million deaths. New factors had been taken into account, such as the aging of the population and global warming.
In its latest annual report (CEO in English / 48 pages) dealing with international preparedness for health emergencies, WHO is far from optimistic. Indeed, the world would not be ready in the event of a new global pandemic while this risk is increasing. The WHO has listed a series of measures that should be considered by political actors under pain of heavy loss of life. While the economic and social consequences are also discussed, the poorest countries may well be the most affected.
In its document, the WHO reminds that the risk of a pandemic is high. This declaration was made on the basis of statistical recurrences concerning the appearance of virulent viral strains. These recurrences also concern other viral and bacterial diseases that are new or that have proved capable of resurging. Other factors are taken into account, such as the globalization of trade and the movement of people. The WHO estimates that a virus could circumnavigate the planet in just 36 hours! In addition, the risk of accidents is multiplied by manipulations of pathogens in the laboratory leading to mutations.
The main points concerning the actions to be taken must be taken seriously according to WHO. The first is to ensure that all states are united in their commitment and investment. In addition, the most advantaged countries need to set an example by developing more effective health systems to prevent the risk of contamination. In the event of a pandemic, countries must be prepared and have prepared effective strategies for care and vaccination. The world of finance is not left out and should develop pandemic crisis plans on a global scale. It is also about obtaining funding to prevent this type of disaster.