An ongoing investigation into the collapse of the legendary Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico suggests that a flaw in the placement of one of the structure’s auxiliary cables may have contributed to its failure.
Arecibo collapse: the bottom line
The science platform of the Arecibo telescope, which weighed 900 tons, was suspended above the vast radio dish by three dozen cables. Last August, one of these cables came out of its socket. Then, before it could be reattached, a second cable collapsed. As a result, the US National Science Foundation (NSF), which owns the site, deemed the platform too unstable to be safely repaired. So she decided to put the structure out of service. The telescope finally collapsed on its own on December 1.
Since this incident, teams have been on site to clean up the most dangerous and unusable debris. They also have to deconstruct Arecibo’s huge reflecting antenna, said to be 305 meters in diameter, which takes time. Teams also evaluate the different parts of this antenna to determine which ones can be saved. Finally, they systematically assess the potential historical significance of this debris in order to determine which must be preserved.
Two investigations opened
Two investigations are simultaneously underway to try to assess the causes of this collapse, at the request of the US Congress. One of these investigations focuses on the twelve auxiliary cables of the structure added in the 1990s, while the suspended dome (which distinguished the appearance of the telescope in the movie “Contact” from that seen in the movie “GoldenEye” ) was installed.
The first cable to fail, once connected to one of the three support towers surrounding the antenna, was indeed one of those auxiliary cables.
This preliminary study revealed “the installation procedure” of this cable had “not been carried out in an appropriate manner”, which led to an “advanced degradation of this particular structural element”, declared the director of the Francisco Cordova observatory. The latter also recalls that the review is still ongoing. Also, these conclusions are not yet final.
Further, “there is probably not just one factor, but a multitude of factors that contributed to this particular failure,” continues the director. “Aside from the age of the facility, the past few years have been difficult for Puerto Rico.” In 2017, Hurricane Maria hit the island and during 2020 it suffered more than 10,000 earthquakes.
The second investigation focuses for the moment on the main cables, which are original (1960s). It was indeed one of those main cables that broke in November (the second to fail). The full results of this study should be known by the end of February.